What does equal protection under the law mean quizlet?
Define Equal Protection of the Laws. It prohibits laws that unreasonably and unfairly favor some groups over others or arbitrarily discriminate against persons.
What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?
: the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Which said there must be equal protection under the law?
The Equal Protection Clause is from the text of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides “nor shall any State … deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws”.
What is an example of equal protection?
Basics of the Equal Protection Clause
For instance, states may require people to pass a vision as a condition of receiving a driver’s license. However, states cannot deny a person a driver’s license because of their race, gender, or other minority considerations.
What is equal protection review?
This standard of review is used to examine laws that discriminate against nonsuspect classes including economic classifications as well as classifications based on age, wealth, and mental disability.
What is equal protection quizlet?
Equal protection clause. Definition: A clause of the fourteenth amendment that forbids any state to deny equal protection of the laws to any individual within its jurisdiction. Sentence: The equal protection clause has protected such groups as African americans and women from disrimination by state and local …
What rights does the 14th Amendment Protect?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former slaves—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and establish …
What is the difference between due process and equal protection?
Substantive due process protects criminal defendants from unreasonable government intrusion on their substantive constitutional rights. … The equal protection clause prevents the state government from enacting criminal laws that arbitrarily discriminate.
What are the 3 levels of scrutiny?
Our infographic outlines the three most common points on the spectrum (Rational-Basis, Intermediate Scrutiny, and Strict Scrutiny). The Supreme Court has found the following situations to correspond to these levels of scrutiny.
Is everyone treated equally under the law?
Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states: “All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law”.
Why is equality under the law important?
It provides the right of legal personality, meaning every person is equal before the law and entitled to equal protection of the law. It is closely linked to the principle of non-discrimination.
How has the 14th amendment been used?
A unanimous United States Supreme Court said that state courts are required under the 14th Amendment to provide counsel in criminal cases to represent defendants who are unable to afford to pay their attorneys, guaranteeing the Sixth Amendment’s similar federal guarantees.
What is an example of due process?
For example, a state might fire someone from a government job, send defendant to prison, revoke a prisoner’s parole, or cut someone’s social security payments or other welfare benefits. Due process does not prohibit these actions, but it does require that certain procedures be followed before any action is taken.
What are the three levels of scrutiny for equal protection cases?
Let us start by examining the three levels of review applied in Equal Protection and Due Process cases: (1) Rational Basis Review; (2) Intermediate Scrutiny; (3) Strict Scrutiny.