The size of your premium tax credit is based on a sliding scale. Those who have a lower income get a larger credit to help cover the cost of their insurance. The credit is “refundable” because, if the amount of the credit is more than the amount of your tax liability, you will receive the difference as a refund.
Do I have to pay back the premium tax credit?
If at the end of the year you’ve taken more premium tax credit in advance than you’re due based on your final income, you’ll have to pay back the excess when you file your federal tax return. If you’ve taken less than you qualify for, you’ll get the difference back.
How do premium tax credits affect my refund?
How advance credit payments affect your refund. If the premium tax credit computed on your return is more than the advance credit payments made on your behalf during the year, the difference will increase your refund or lower the amount of tax you owe. This will be reported on Form 1040, Schedule 3.
How much do you pay back premium tax credit?
These amounts are adjusted annually, but for the 2020 tax year, the repayment caps would have ranged from $325 to $2,700, depending on your income and whether your tax filing status is single filer versus any other filing status (as noted above, however, people do not have to repay excess premium subsidies for 2020).
Do I have to pay back the premium tax credit in 2021?
For the 2021 tax year, you must repay the difference between the amount of premium tax credit you received and the amount you were eligible for. There are also dollar caps on the amount of repayment if your income is below 4 times the poverty level.
How can I avoid paying back my premium tax credit?
The easiest way to avoid having to repay a credit is to update the marketplace when you have any life changes. Life changes influence your estimated household income, your family size, and your credit amount. So, the sooner you can update the marketplace, the better. This ensures you receive the correct amount.
What happens if I don’t use my premium tax credit?
If you use more advance payments of the tax credit than you qualify for based on your final yearly income, you must repay the difference when you file your federal income tax return. If you use less premium tax credit than you qualify for, you’ll get the difference as a refundable credit when you file your taxes.
How do I calculate my premium tax credit?
The amount of the premium tax credit is generally equal to the premium for the second lowest cost silver plan available through the Marketplace that applies to the members of your coverage family, minus a certain percentage of your household income.
Do I have to pay back the premium tax credit in 2022?
If your income for 2022 turns out to be greater than the amount you estimated when you sign up, you may have to repay some or all of the excess credit. But, when you file your 2022 return, your actual income turns out to be 410% FPL and you would only be eligible for a $3,100 tax credit based on that income.
Who pays for the premium tax credit?
Premium tax credits are available to individuals and families with incomes between 100 percent of the federal poverty line ($23,550 for a family of four) and 400 percent of the federal poverty line ($94,200 for a family of four) who purchase coverage in the health insurance marketplace in their state.
Do I have to pay back Marketplace insurance?
For 2021, individuals and families are required to pay no more than 8.5% of their household income for ACA health insurance. If you don’t pay back the amount due when you file your taxes, the IRS will deduct it from your tax refund, if any.
What are examples of refundable tax credits?
Common refundable tax credits include:
- American opportunity tax credit. Available to filers who paid qualified higher education expenses.
- Earned income tax credit. Paid to eligible moderate- and low-income working taxpayers.
- Child tax credit.
- Premium tax credit.
Will I get penalized if I underestimate my income for Obamacare?
It’s normal for most people to overestimate or underestimate their ACA premium tax credit by a small amount. There’s no added penalty for taking extra subsidies. The difference will be reflected in your tax payment or refund.
What does it mean to reconcile premium tax credits?
If you had a Marketplace plan and used advance payments of the premium tax credit (APTC) to lower your monthly payment, you’ll have to “reconcile” when you file your federal taxes. This means you’ll compare 2 figures: The amount of premium tax credit you used in advance during the year.