Athens Sparta Persian Wars Review
|Ephor||A person who enforced laws and managed tax collection in Sparta.|
|Tyrant||A person who take s power by force and rules with total authority.|
|Democracy||System of government in which all citizens share in running the government|
What is a person who enforced laws and managed tax collection in Sparta?
Ephor. a person who enforced laws and managed tax collection in Sparta.
Who enforced the laws and managed the collection of taxes?
Congress: The two legislative bodies of the United States: the House of Representatives, and the Senate. Internal Revenue Service: The United States government agency that collects taxes and enforces tax laws.
Who enforced laws in Sparta?
Each year the Assembly elected 5 Ephors. The Ephors watched meetings of the Assembly and Gerousia. They had many powers at home, and made sure the laws were obeyed by using the kings and the military to enforce the laws.
What was the government of Sparta set up to do?
Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. Beneath this highest class was a middle class, called the Perioeci.
What is the Spartan name for enslaved worker?
Spartan Society The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.
Who are ordinary citizens in the army?
The definition of a militia is an army made up of regular citizens called to respond during an emergency.
What is situs taxation?
A government or state exercises its taxing power and authority only on taxpayers, income or transactions that fall within its jurisdiction. The situs of taxation has been defined as the place where an authority has the right to impose and collect taxes.
Who is responsible for US taxes?
The United States Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, Clause 1, states, “ The Congress shall have the Power to lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and gen- eral Welfare of the United States. “
Who has the power to tax?
In the United States, Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution gives Congress the power to “lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States. This is also referred to as the “Taxing and Spending Clause.”
What is Sparta’s government?
Function. The Gerousia had two major roles. It debated motions which were to be put before the citizen assembly, with the power to prevent any motion from being passed on, and functioned as a Supreme Court, with the right to try any Spartan, up to and including the kings.
Who was the founder of Sparta?
In Greek mythology the founder of the ancient city was Lacedaemon, a son of Zeus, who gave his name to the region and his wife’s name to the city. Sparta was also an important member of the Greek force which participated in the Trojan War.
Who held public office in Sparta?
History of the office The ephors were elected by the popular assembly, and all citizens were eligible. The position of ephor was the only political office open to the whole damos (populace) between the ages of 30–60, so eligible Spartans highly sought after the position.
Was Sparta’s government effective?
After its victory over Athens, the Spartan government was able to counter many attacks that were launched by its enemies and maintained power for over 40 years.